Pacific South America is made up of four countries Ecuador,
Peru, Bolivia, Chile.
Ecuador is Spanish for equator, it is called that because the equator passes through
the country. The east has humid-tropical lowlands. The Andes pass through the middle of the
country. The Pacific Coast
has varying climates from the north to the south. Half of the country’s population lives along the coast. Farmers grow
maize, potatoes, and barley. The fields are on steep slopes where they have problems with soil erosion. Oil sales or more
than one third of the country’s export income. Ecuador
is modernizing along its coast where ports and other cities are expanding.